How population varies between places.
Physical and human factors affecting population distribution at the global scale
- Use the image above to describe the distribution of the world’s population.
- What are the limitations of using this image?
The major trends in population distribution are
75% of Population live within 1000km of the sea
85% live between 500m and sea level
85% live between 68 degrees North and 20 degrees North
Less than 10% live in Southern Hemisphere
The most populated regions are
Fertile valleys eg Nile Valley
Places with regular supply of water eg Western Europe
Areas with a temperate climate
Places with good communications
- Global patterns and classification of economic development:
• low-income countries
• middle-income countries and emerging economies
• high-income countries
- Population distribution and economic development on a global scale
- Follow the link in the heading and use the information to describe how Economic Development is classified.
2. Define GNI.
3. Use the interactive map above to describe the global pattern of Economic Development. Where are the most developed, least developed, most rapidly developing etc)
4. What % of the world’s population live in each classification group? You will need to do some extra research to answer this question?
5. Read pages 388 -391 in the Course Companion and make notes.
Think Why is there a regional variation in Economic Development? What problems may this cause? Does anyone benefit from this uneven distribution?
6. The Brandt Line was created by Willy Brandt (The German Chancellor) in the 1980’s to show the division of the world into two. The so-called Rich North and the Poor South. Critically evaluate the relevance of this line today?
Case Study: China
Population distribution and economic development at the national scale, including voluntary internal migration
- China has 1.371 Billion people, currently the largest population in the world. (18.7% of world total population)
- Average population density is 146 people/km squared.
- Use maps 2 and 3 and this link to describe the population distribution and density of China. Make sure you give named examples of cities and regions.
2. Use map 4 to describe and explain the impact of physical factors on the population distribution and density in China? Make sure you name specific regions and physical features such as plateaus, deserts, river drainage basins etc. Add your notes to the map of China you have been given.
Human factors affecting the population of density and distribution of China
The human factors affecting population density and distribution in China
1. Read the text above and use it to annotate your map of China
Internal Migration in China
To understand the causes and consequences of Internal Migration in China
Use the pdf above and the information from the following articles this website to answer the questions below.
1) Describe the main patterns of internal migration in China
2) Use Lee’s model of migration to explain the reasons for internal migration in China. Use specific examples to illustrate the push pull and limiting factors.
3) Describe the positive and negative impacts of China’s internal migration.
4) What have the Chinese government done to change the patterns of internal migration in China?
Case Study 2: South Africa
|map 1: Population distribution and density in South Africa|
|Map 2. Agricultural reasons in south Africa|
|Map 3: Industry and mining in south Africa|
|Map 4: south African transport network|
|Map 5: Topography of South Africa|
|Map 6: The Vegetation of South Africa|
Task: Use the maps above, the links below and your text book and other sources of information to describe and explain the population distribution and density of South Africa.
Explain the physical and human factors affecting population distribution at the global scale.
Explain global patterns and classification of economic development: (1) low-income countries, (2) middle-income countries and (3) emerging economies, high-income countries.
Describe the population distribution and economic development at the national scale, including voluntary internal migration, core-periphery patterns and megacity growth.
Case Study: Two detailed and contrasting examples of uneven population distribution
Population distribution and economic development at the national scale, including voluntary internal migration, core-periphery patterns and megacity growth
• Two detailed and contrasting examples of uneven population distribution
Synthesis, evaluation and skills opportunities
The relative importance of different influences on where people live and spatial interactions between places at varying scales