Agriculture uses approximately 40% of fresh water in developed countries. In developing countries it is closer to 80%.


Water Utilisation

Identifying the ways in which water is utilized at the regional scale.

Water Scarcity

Examining the environmental and human factors affecting patterns and trends in physical water scarcity and economic water scarcity.

1) Watch the above video and make notes.

2) Explain the difference between Physical and Economic water scarcity. Use examples in your explanation.

3) Complete this exercise on water scarcity from

3) Go back to the work we did on the UN’s Development Goals. Which one of them includes action on the provision of water? What progress has been made and what still needs to be done.

Access to Fresh Water

Examining the factors affecting access to safe drinking water.

“Water and sanitation underpin health, education and livelihoods, and yet hundreds of millions of people live without these basic human rights.”


Water Aid are a charity that work to bring water to communities all over the developing world. Watch the video below for an introduction to the work they do.

Task 1:

Work through the, ‘Access to Safe Drinking Water” task towards the bottom of this page from

Task 2 :

Read the information and watch the video below. Click on the links to find out more about the ways in which water can help improve people’s lives. You are going to use the information to complete the task below so you might want to make notes as you read.

You are to imagine that you are a young girl who’s village has had a constant supply of clean water for 2 years, thanks to the work of a charity.

The charity have asked you to talk about how the water supply has changed your life for a promotional film they are making. You are to write out in full what you are going to say.

You have 400 words.

“When water comes…everything changes.”


In developing countries, about 80% of illnesses are linked to poor water and sanitation conditions. 1 out of every 5 deaths under the age of 5 worldwide is due to a water-related disease. Clean and safe water is essential to healthy living.


It may seem simple, but we forget that without access to a reliable source of water, food is hard to grow and even more difficult to preserve and prepare.


Without water,you can’t grow food, you can’t build housing, you can’t stay healthy, you can’t stay in school and you can’t keep working.

Without clean water, the possibility of breaking out of the cycle of poverty is incredibly slim.


The lack of safe water can cause even the best students to lose momentum as they deal with stomach pains and diarrhea from disease and hunger.

Students miss class to go fetch water, or to care for sick parents or siblings.